An In-Depth Analysis of the Green Party's 2024 General Election Manifesto

This article provides a detailed analysis of the Green Party's 2024 manifesto, "Real Hope. Real Change." It explores the party's ambitious environmental targets, economic transformation plans, and social policies.

An In-Depth Analysis of the Green Party's 2024 General Election Manifesto

The Green Party's 2024 manifesto, "Real Hope. Real Change," presents a comprehensive vision for tackling climate change, investing in public services, and addressing social inequalities.

Co-leaders Carla Denyer and Adrian Ramsay highlight the urgent need for a fairer, greener country, emphasizing the interconnected crises of climate change, the cost of living, and social inequality. The manifesto sets ambitious targets for environmental sustainability, economic transformation, and social justice to create a resilient and equitable future for all.

Climate and Environmental Policies

Ambitious Targets and Feasibility

The Green Party aims to achieve zero carbon emissions by 2030 and protect 30% of land and seas by the same year. These targets underscore the urgency of addressing the climate crisis but raise questions about their feasibility within the proposed timeframe. Critics argue that while the goals are laudable, the practical implementation and the required scale of transformation may be challenging.

Key Policies

Carbon Tax

    • The manifesto proposes a progressive carbon tax on all fossil fuels to drive the transition to renewable energy sources. This policy is designed to reflect the true environmental cost of carbon emissions and incentivize cleaner alternatives.
    • Pros: Encourages reduction in fossil fuel use, generates revenue for green investments.
    • Cons: Potential impact on energy prices for consumers and businesses, requiring careful management to avoid exacerbating social inequalities.

Renewable Energy Investment

    • Significant investments in renewable energy infrastructure, including wind, solar, and hydropower, are central to the manifesto. The Green Party envisions community ownership of energy projects to ensure local benefits and engagement.
    • Pros: Promotes energy independence, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, and creates green jobs.
    • Cons: High upfront costs and the need for extensive infrastructure development.

Public Ownership of Utilities

    • The manifesto calls for bringing utilities, including water and energy, back into public ownership to ensure they are run for the public good rather than profit.
    • Pros: Potential for improved service quality, reinvestment of profits into public infrastructure, and enhanced accountability.
    • Cons: Significant financial and logistical challenges associated with the transition from private to public ownership.

Nuclear Power and Aviation

    • The Green Party opposes nuclear power due to safety concerns and high costs, advocating instead for investment in renewable energy. The manifesto also includes measures to reduce aviation emissions, promoting alternatives like high-speed rail.
    • Pros: Focuses on sustainable energy sources, reduces environmental risks associated with nuclear power.
    • Cons: Challenges in meeting energy demands without nuclear power, potential economic impact on the aviation industry.

Overall Approach

The Green Party's approach to environmental issues is comprehensive, integrating policies across various sectors to create a holistic strategy for sustainability. While ambitious, the feasibility of these policies requires careful consideration of economic, social, and technological factors.

Economic and Fiscal Policies

Green Economic Transformation

The Green Party's manifesto outlines a "green economic transformation" to create a sustainable economy through significant public investment and progressive taxation.

Investment Plans

    • It proposes an average of £40 billion per year in green investments, including renewable energy, public transport, and building retrofitting for energy efficiency.
    • Funding: To be sourced through wealth taxes, aligning income and investment taxes, and borrowing.
    • Pros: Potential for significant economic stimulation, job creation, and long-term sustainability.
    • Cons: High initial costs and potential challenges in raising the necessary funds.

Taxing Wealth

    • Introduction of a wealth tax on individuals with assets over £10 million, alongside reforms to capital gains tax and the abolition of the upper earnings limit on National Insurance.
    • Pros: Aims to reduce inequality and fund public services.
    • Cons: Potential pushback from high earners and logistical challenges in implementation.

Economic Growth vs. Wellbeing

    • The manifesto prioritizes well-being and sustainability over traditional economic growth metrics, advocating for measures that enhance quality of life and environmental health.
    • Pros: Aligns economic policies with social and environmental goals.
    • Cons: Diverges from conventional economic strategies, requiring a policy and public mindset shift.

Policies Related to Work and Wages

Workers' Rights

    • The manifesto includes measures to enhance workers' rights, such as a £15 minimum wage, equal pay audits, and protections for gig economy workers.
    • Pros: Aims to improve working conditions and reduce income inequality.
    • Cons: Potential impact on businesses, particularly small enterprises.

Business Taxes

    • Proposes increasing taxes on large corporations and implementing a windfall tax on banks.
    • Pros: Seeks to ensure fair contributions from profitable sectors.
    • Cons: Possible resistance from the business community and implications for investment.

Public Services and Social Policies

NHS and Social Care

Healthcare Investment

    • The Green Party commits to substantial investments in the NHS, including funding to reduce waiting lists, increase staff pay, and improve infrastructure.
    • Pros: Aims to address critical issues in the healthcare system, ensuring better access and quality of care.
    • Cons: Requires significant funding and effective management to achieve desired outcomes.

Social Care Reform

    • It provides free personal care for the elderly and disabled, increases carers' pay, and offers a £20 billion annual investment in social care.
    • Pros: Enhances dignity and support for vulnerable populations.
    • Cons: High financial cost and implementation challenges.

Education and Housing


    • The manifesto includes proposals for increased school funding, free meals for all children, and investment in mental health support.
    • Pros: Aims to improve educational outcomes and student wellbeing.
    • Cons: Requires substantial investment and coordination with local authorities.


    • The Green Party aims to provide 150,000 new social homes annually, introduce rent controls, and end no-fault evictions.
    • Pros: Addresses the housing crisis and promotes affordable housing.
    • Cons: Potential resistance from the property sector and logistical challenges in large-scale housing development.

Welfare and Poverty

Universal Basic Income

    • The manifesto proposes a Universal Basic Income (UBI) to provide financial security and reduce poverty.
    • Pros: Offers a safety net for all citizens, supporting economic stability and reducing inequality.
    • Cons: High cost and debate over its effectiveness and impact on work incentives.

Other Welfare Measures

    • Increases to Universal Credit, disability benefits, and pensions, abolishing the two-child benefit cap and the bedroom tax.
    • Pros: Aims to alleviate poverty and support disadvantaged groups.
    • Cons: Significant financial requirements and administrative adjustments.

Human Rights and Democracy Reform


    • The manifesto advocates for humane immigration policies, including protecting asylum seekers and ending indefinite detention.
    • Pros: Promotes human rights and ethical treatment of migrants.
    • Cons: Potential political and public resistance to more liberal immigration policies.


    • Proposes electoral reforms, including proportional representation and lowering the voting age to 16.
    • Pros: Enhances democratic participation and representation.
    • Cons: Requires constitutional changes and broad political support.


The Green Party's 2024 manifesto presents a bold, comprehensive vision for a fairer, greener Britain. Its strengths lie in its ambitious environmental targets, commitment to social justice, and comprehensive economic transformation plans.

However, the feasibility of these policies depends on significant financial investments, effective management, and broad public and political support.

While the manifesto offers a coherent and visionary agenda, its implementation poses substantial challenges, requiring a balanced approach to ensure practical and sustainable outcomes.

The Green Party's manifesto sets a high bar for environmental and social policies, aiming to transform the UK's approach to sustainability and equity. The party's success hinges on its ability to navigate political realities, secure funding, and garner public support for its ambitious goals.

If implemented, the manifesto could lead to profound changes in the UK's environmental, economic, and social landscape, reflecting the Green Party's vision of a resilient and equitable future.